Sons of God Genesis 6: 1 - 6
Men or Angels
A Bible study on
Genesis 6: 1 -- 8
In Genesis 6: 1 - 8 we have some quotations and explanations given by God to
mankind. Although Moses wrote Genesis, only God could have known the facts
revealed. I believe that Moses received from God, the words of Genesis, dictated
to him, in the tabernacle of meeting as described in Exodus 33: 7 - 11. These
verses in Genesis 6 has, down through the ages, caused difficulty as mankind has
tried to understand the interpretation or meaning thereof. The key verse is verse
two, which says, "that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were
beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they choose.
The problem arises, as we see that in each verse -- 1 - 7 -- there is mentioned
man/men that obviously means physical mankind, but in verse two is used the
phrase 'sons of God', which has by word study and also the phrase itself a --
Many Bible scholars and teachers believe that 'sons of God', as used here refers
to angels, who were manifested into the physical world and had intimate
relationships with physical daughters of physical men and bore children of them.
And that these angelic offspring were the 'mighty men who were of old, men of
renown', and 'giants'.
*** The question is; who are the 'sons of God' in Genesis 6: 1 - 2.
In Matthew 22: 30 it says, "For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are
given in marriage, but are like the angels of God in heaven."
And Luke 20: 34 - 36, "Jesus answered and said to them, the sons on this age,
marry and are given in marriage. But those who are counted worthy to attain that
age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage;
nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God,
being sons of the resurrection."
The Matthew passage says that in the resurrection - spiritual realm - they neither
marry, nor are given in marriage and that -- that is, as the angels. The Scripture in
Luke repeats the message on marriage, but also adds that mankind, as in the
resurrection are equal to the angels and are sons of God.
To me, the two verses above say two things very clearly:
** The angels are spiritual, and as spiritual they do not reproduce. Do not marry =
a nice way to say -- do not reproduce.
** Physical mankind can be called 'sons of God', being sons of the
So -- does Genesis 6: 2 demand that the 'sons of God' be interpreted as angels
rather than physical mankind?
In Genesis chapters 4 and 5 we have the genealogies of two groups of people. In
Genesis 4: 16 - 24 we have, the descendants of Cain, the eldest son of Adam and
Eve. Then, beginning in 4: 25 through chapter 5, we have the descendants of Seth
the third son of Adam and Eve.
With and through the descendants of these two sons of Adam and Eve, we have
illustrated from the very beginning that there are two groups of people on earth.
The descendants of Cain, represents -- or is characteristic of -- mankind, who does
not follow the ways of God. The descendants of Seth represents -- or is
characteristic of -- mankind, who are obedient to God.
Of the descendants of Cain, their character is illustrated in the description of
Lamech, who is the fifth generation from Cain. Lamech is described -- or
characterized -- by having two wives, and having killed two men. Lamech
characterizes himself as being much worse than his great-great-grandfather Cain
as he says, "If Cain shall be avenged seven fold, then Lamech seventy - seven
fold." Genesis 4: 24. Lamech, characterizes the lineage of Cain as being
disobedient to the ways of God -- sinful, resulting in the discipline of God as seen in
Genesis 4: 11 - 12.
Of the descendants of Seth, which has many more generations listed, their
character is best illustrated in the description of Noah in Genesis 6: 8, "But Noah
found grace in the eyes of the Lord." Also listed in the lineage of Seth is the
description of Enoch which says in 5: 24, "And Enoch walked with God; and he
was not, for God took him." Eve in speaking, about her son Seth in Genesis 4: 25
said, "For God has appointed another seed for me instead of Able, whom Cain
Thus, the descendants of Cain is seen as those who disobeyed God and
experienced the wrath of God, but in the descendants of Seth are seen those who
are obedient to God and have found favor with God.
I believe that an important key to understanding the main question is found in
Genesis 4: 26, which says, "And as for Seth, to him also a son was born; and he
named him Enosh. Then men began to call on the name of the Lord." The key to
understanding, who are the 'sons of God' is found in the sentence, "Then men
began to call on the name of the Lord."
In Joel 2: 32, and then, quoted in Romans 10, we have the phrase, "That whoever
calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved."
In John chapter 3, we have Jesus' plan of salvation, that explains that one must --
believe -- be born again -- come to the light, 'Jesus' and thus experience eternal life
with God. The scriptures explains clearly that a person, as born physically, is
naturally separated from God by sin and must be born again to become -- saved
So -- with the above minimal explanation we make the conclusion that mankind has
always been divided into two groups; one group that is obedient to God -- the other
group, disobedient to God. This division began with the third son of Adam and Eve,
Seth and his son as they began to call upon the name of the Lord, thus the
beginning of the spiritual family of God. Those who are the spiritual family of God
having called upon the name of the Lord -- thus, born-again -- sealed by the Holy
Spirit can most definitely be referred to as the 'sons of God'.
Therefore, I believe that as Genesis 6: 2 uses the phrase, 'sons of God' it is
referring to the spiritual family of God -- mankind -- not angels.
The implication is that the 'sons of God' -- the family of God has fallen into sin,
disobedient to God by taking any one they wanted -- immorality.
As a result, "the wickedness of man was great on the earth -- and the Lord was
sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. Thus
is God justified, as He brings the flood and destroys all mankind and animals for --
even His own, who had "called upon His name" had fallen into sin and
Here in Genesis chapters 4 - 6 is set an -- order of creation -- that will continue to
be until the end of physical creation:
*** All mankind has sinned and are separated from God by their sins.
*** Those who 'call upon the name of the Lord' are restored as the family of God.
*** When the family of God falls into sin and disobedience -- judgment and
consequences will result. (Reference -- The flood -- Jerusalem destroyed by
*** There is a lineage of the family of God that has continued generation after
generation through history until the present and will continue until the last
generation to live on earth. A part of them are enumerated in the genealogy list of
Luke 3: 23 - 38. The whole family of God will be brought together in Revelation
20: 4 - 6.
*** There is a lineage of mankind, who has been disobedient to God throughout
the ages and will continue until the final generation to live on earth. Part of these
are listed in Ezekiel 38 and 39. Five judgments are pronounced on these in
Revelation 17 and 18 and their final destiny described in Revelation 20: 12 - 15.
I, Don English wrote the above, after having asked my Lord for His Holy Spirit to
open my mind so that I could better explain Genesis 6: 1 - 8. I give thanks to God
our creator for His help.