Israel is a name that has been used in several / various ways.  

I). A name given by God to Jacob.  

2). A name used by the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob / Israel.  

3). A name used / given to the 10 northern tribes who were defeated by Assyria.

4). A name given to the true believers / followers of God.

5). A name of the 144,000 sealed part of the family of God.

6). The name of the 20th century nation of Israel.  

The name ‘Israel’ came from God.  The name was given to Jacob the second born twin son of
Isaac and Rebekah.   Jacob from birth was prophesied by God to be the faithful one to God.  
The first born of the twins, Esau, was prophesied to be of a different character than Jacob.  The
prophesies given by God would prove to be true and correct as the lives of the two are
recorded in the book of Genesis.   (Genesis 27 – 35).  
Jacob was the favorite son of his mother, of a milder character and lived in a close relation to
his mother as compared to his brother Esau.  Esau being the first born, by custom would
receive from his father the prominent role in the family as the first-born son.  But, by
persuasion and considerable help from his mother Rebekah, Jacob deceived his blind father
and received from him the first son blessing, which by custom, having been given, could not be
rescinded.  Esau, learning that he had been cheated out of his birthright by his brother,
determined to kill Jacob after the death of their father Isaac.  Thus, Jacob was forced to run for
his life.  
On his flight while sleeping in the open country with a rock as a pillow, Jacob received from
God a dream.  His dream was angels ascending and descending from heaven on a ladder.  
Jacob awoke and declared that, ‘God is in this place and I did not know it.’  Then God spoke to
Jacob – Jacob replied – and between God and Jacob a covenant was made.  Jacob declared to
God that if God would provide for him and bring him back to this place – ‘then God would be his
God’.   Jacob then continued his flight from his brother and traveled to Haran, the land of the
ancestors of his parents.  
In the land of Haran with his kinfolk, Jacob gained 2 wives, 2 concubines, 11 children and herds
of sheep etc.  In time he determined to return with his family and possessions to the land of his
birth.  On his way returning Jacob wrestled all one night with an angel of the Lord -- desiring
and not giving up until he received a blessing from the Lord.  The following day he met his
brother Esau – made peace with his brother, then continued his journey home.    
Sometime later Jacob by conviction gathered his family, prepared them physically and
spiritually (removed their idols) and went to the place where he had the dream and made the
covenant with God.  There he built an alter, named the place Bethel and offered sacrifice
fulfilling his vow to God – having done this, God at Bethel gave to Jacob the name -- ‘Israel’.  

Please Note ;;
The Name ‘Israel’ was not given to all the blood descendants of Abraham – but ONLY to the one
– Jacob – who had personally met / recognized God, personally spoken with God and personally
made a vow / covenant with God – and kept / fulfilled that covenant.  Thus the name ‘Israel’ as
given by God is to a particular / peculiar believing and obedient person and to a particular
/peculiar people who meet /recognize God, commit their life to God and are faithful / obedient
to their God.  

As evidence of the above statements please consider Isaiah 44: 1 – 2.
“Yet hear now, O Jacob My servant, and Israel whom I have chosen.”  
There are numerous places (this is one example) where the Lord uses both names of Jacob /
Israel.  He is giving both names, on purpose, to state a fact as He speaks to the descendants of
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob / Israel.  Of the blood descendants of this linage, there are those who
are believing / obedient to God and those who are not.  Thus, God is defining them as Jacob –
the natural person, and Israel -- the spiritual person, yet all being blood descendants.  Certainly
the descendants of Abraham are not all obedient to their Creator.  The Old Testament is a
history of God’s chosen people being rebellious – being disciplined by God and returning to a
degree of faithfulness.  Jesus told some Pharisees who claimed Abraham as their father – that
they were not sons of Abraham, but the devil was their father. (Spiritually speaking).

Please  Note ;;;
By no means does the Old Testament when using the names Jacob and Israel always mean
Jacob == the natural man / unbelieving person -- nor does Israel always mean the spiritual man /
believing person.  But I believe the Lord uses both names in that manner sufficient enough to
declare that not ALL who are blood descendants of Abraham are ‘sons of Abraham’ – spiritually.  
If our Lord in His Word drew a hard fast defining line between those who are Jacob and those
who are Israel – people who read the scripture would immediately begin to judge and accuse
others as being Jacob or Israel.  But the fact remains that the determining of who is Jacob or
Israel will only be known at the opening of the Books at the Great White Throne Judgment.  
Although each person’s eternal destiny is set at the time of death, anyone can until the time of
death repent of sin / unbelief and thus be changed from Jacob to the Israel of God.  

Also in Romans the scripture is clear that the Jews were ‘cut off because of unbelief’ (many but
no all) and the gentiles were grafted in.  --- (Some folks have a problem saying that the church
replaces Israel – Calling it replacement theology – not ‘replacement’ – but grafted inn
theology).  It is clear that Jesus’ death and the Gospel is for all mankind.  “WHOSOEVER CALLS
UPON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED” – and those who do not call upon the name of
the Lord will not be saved -- and many other scriptures state that Christ’s salvation is no
respecter of persons.  
We hear a lot of - pray for the peace of Jerusalem -- yes we should -- because Jerusalem and
the descendants of Abraham whose capital city is Jerusalem are God's chosen ones to receive
/ bring the Word of God and our Messiah Jesus Christ into the world.  The Jews were also to be
a nation of priest -- thus spreading / proclaiming the message of God to all nations.  Thus -- we
should also pray for the peace of Moscow, Baghdad, Bejing, New York City etc.  because Jesus
Christ died for all mankind.  Jesus Christ is the only way to the Father and life eternal in heaven
for any or all of mankind.  

Also in Revelation chapter 7 is given those who are ‘sealed’ and ‘standing before the throne’ in
heaven at the time of the end.  While the rebellious are being destroyed on earth (6: 12 – 17)
the family of God is before His throne.  The 144,000 are sealed.  They  are called ‘Israel’ because
they are the believers from the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob / Israel.  Also sealed
are the great multitude that no one could number.  The great multitude are sealed because they
had ‘washed their robes – in the blood of the Lamb’ – Jesus Christ.  They are from ‘all nations,
tribes, peoples, and tongues' – (this would include the sons of Abraham, who are Israel, who
were saved the same as the Greeks, etc. (Galatians 3: 28) during the New Testament era
through the blood that Jesus shed for all mankind.)  

Also – at the ‘Great White Throne Judgment’ there are only 2 groups of people – those whose
names are written in the ‘Lamb’s Book of Life’ and those whose names were not written by
Jesus Christ in His Book.  In fact, the whole book of Revelation is about only 2 groups -- the
believing / faithful and the unbelieving / unfaithful.

BLOODLINE, but BY TIME ERA -- the Old Testament era, then the New Testament era.
The way of salvation has always been '
to call on the name of the Lord'.  (Reference Gen 4: 26 &
Romans 10: 13). But the covenant of the Old Testament temple era and the new covenant in
Christ Jesus are different in time /method / relationship to God our Creator.  
Refer to Hebrews 8: 6 - 13 & 12: 24.

The 6th seal is opened in chapter 6 verse 12 and its message continues through the end of
chapter 7, because the 7th seal is opened in 8: 1.  Thus the overall message of the 6th seal is
that in the end there are 2 groups of people -- the rebellious from all nations and the faithful
'sealed' from all nations.  It is a vision / prophesy of the circumstances of each group on the
final day of physical mankind.  The rebellious are shown as one group -- the last generation of
physical mankind.  All the rebellious from all of history will be seen together in their
resurrected bodies only at the Great White Throne Judgment.  Rev 20: 11 - 15.
The faithful, in visionary picture, sealed by God from all history, are shown as 2 parts of the
same group standing before the throne of God.  They are before the throne in resurrected
bodies, as they had been either raptured or resurrected before the end / the Armageddon of
the last generation of the rebellious. Thus, the faithful family of God are in their resurrected
bodies and seen before the throne prior to the Millennial (the first resurrection) -- as the souls
/ spirits of the rebellious remain in hell and their bodies in the dust of the earth.   

God has divided His people, those of mankind who have been 'sealed', into 2 groups.  The first
group are the 144,000 of the 12 tribes of Israel who are sealed.  

144,000 is not a literal number.  First, the scripture says clearly that 'whosoever calls upon the
name of the Lord shall be saved.  It is not reasonable to think that the exact number of each
tribe would be saved.  Second, the number 144,000 is also used in Revelation 14. but the
persons in chapter 14 are described very different compared to those in chapter 7.  Thus, the
number 144,000 is used as a defining number -- not a literal number. Therefore 144,000 means --
many out of a much larger number.  When the children of Israel left Egypt they were counted
and they numbered much more than 144,000 of this one generation -- SO, THIS GIVES TO THE

Also the 144,000 in chapter 14 represents, many but not all, from the family of God that are the
'great multitude' spoken of in chapter 7: 9.  They are ordinary folks as they were 'redeemed from
the earth & from among men' but they live especially dedicated lives and are the persons who
preach / spread the 'eternal Gospel' to mankind.  Even in churches today these can be seen as
those who share the true Gospel -- a few -- where the vast majority only occupy the pews. This
vast majority are true believers, but either are not 'called' to be witnesses or cannot or just do
not bear fruit in the kingdom of God.   

This first group is from the old testament era.  This can be substantiated by the reality that
Jesus ministry ended at about 32 AD, then the temple was destroyed at 70 AD, thus within a 40
year span a new era began -- no more temple and the Gospel is preached to all peoples.  The
great multitude came to Christ through the work of the Holy Spirit, as each one believed and
obeyed the Gospel -- rather than the sacrificial system of the temple.  
Also, in Revelation 11: 1 John is told to 'Measure the temple of God, the alter, and them that
worship therein'.  There are 2 ways to measure -- footage / distance and time.  Here it is
speaking about time, because it is a measurement of the temple
and the people.  Thus we
believe it describes the era / time of the temple and God knows all the faithful believers whom
He enumerates as 144,000 -- many out of a much larger group.  
This can clearly be seen from the old testament.  In numerous places the Old testament speaks
of a 'remnant' being saved from destruction.  (Ezekiel 6: 8 & Joel 2: 32 are 2 examples).  Also the
old Testament tells of numerous times when most of the people were not the faithful followers
of their Creator.  At the time of Elijah and the 400 prophets of ba-al --- Elijah thought that he was
the only faithful one, yet there was still the remnant that had not bowed to ba-al.  

The second group comes to Christ through the new testament era as can be seen in their
description in Revelation 7: 14 - 17 -- "-- washed in --- the blood of the Lamb.'  This group comes
from 'all nations and kindreds, and people, and tongues'

ALL IS RICH UNTO ALL WHO CALL UPON HIS NAME.'  (Romans 10: 12 - 13).  The Jews were 'cut off'
because of unbelief and the Gentiles were 'grafted' into the family of God.


The nation of Israel was declared / re-established in 1948.  Many – most all teachers, preachers,
writers, etc. Believe that the establishment of Israel in 1948 was the fulfilment of the prophesy
given to Abraham in Genesis 13: 15, ‘For all the land which you see I give to you and your
descendants forever”.  This literal statement is prophesy and must come to pass.  

In the course of history the Jews have been removed from their promised land on 2 separate
occasions.  They were removed by acts / discipline of God that was the result of their
rebellion against their Lord.  The first removal from their land was at the hand of Babylon,
whom God had brought against Judea because of their rebellion.  After 70 years the Jews
returned and rebuilt the temple and Jerusalem -- restored by acts of God. (Zech.1). The second
removal came in 70 A D by the Romans – Jerusalem being completely destroyed.  With the
exception of a few, they had rejected the Messiah / Jesus Christ.  There was no more nation of
the Jews / Israel until Israel was re-established in 1948.  There is much evidence that the
Jewish nation was restored with the helping hand of God.   

With the re-establishment of the nation of Israel in 1948, many, especially Christians believed
that to be the sign of the ‘end times’.  Many believed Jesus would return in 1988 – that being
40 years / a generation.  But that did not happen.  Then 60 years – then 70 (Maybe a
generation) -- didn't happen.  (Certainly Jesus could return at anytime).  There remains a
serious problem --- a large percentage of Jews in Israel do not believe that Jesus Christ is the
Messiah of God.  Could they turn to Jesus Christ and become the Israel of God ? – Certainly.  
But, God has never in history forced anyone to believe / to be obedient. Can God give the last
generation a second chance to believe -- after the rapture ?? -- of course He could.  But where
would be justice??  'Be not deceived, God is not mocked, whatsoever a man sows, that will he
also reap'.    

BUT ---  remember the scripture written above from Genesis 13: 15, “For all the land which you
see I give to you and your descendants forever”.  

God said, “I give to you (Abraham) and your descendants forever”.  Abraham has been dead
for centuries and also, ‘forever’ is not a physical term, but a spiritual term.  

Thus, there is only one scenario that this statement from God to Abraham can possibly
become reality and it is quite sensible .  

The people of the land of Israel will again be removed from their promised land BY GOD.  
Because – they will all die physically by acts of God.  True believers of the last generation of
the descendants of Abraham will be raptured with the last generation of the gentiles whose
names are written in the Lambs Book of life.  Afterward – all the rest (the unbelievers / the
unfaithful -- both Jews & gentiles -- all mankind) will be killed by the ‘Sword’ from Jesus’ mouth
as He and the armies of heaven come for the battle of Armageddon.  Thus, the land of Israel will
be desolate for the 3rd time as the result of ACTS OF GOD.  Please note; the people were
removed from their promised land by
acts of God and in each case a remnant was saved -- the
 (Many -- but no all out of a larger group).

THEN – the Israel of God will be restored – with their father Abraham and David as king
in their promised land.  They and all true & faithful believers who are gentiles will reign with
their Lord and Savior Jesus Christ / our Creator for 1,000 years,
(Remember – the millennium is the first resurrection – not physical.  (Revelation 20: 4 – 5).  After
the millennium, the final battle, the Great White Throne Judgment and then the Jews  ‘forever’
in the place / land that God promised to Abraham and his descendants in the 'new heavens and
new earth'.  The other members of the Family of God (Gentiles) will live in the places prepared
for them.  

The above explanation is the only way that the scripture can be literally true.  Abraham –
himself and all the spiritual sons of Abraham in the land that God promised to them.

As the Lord God by time era divides His children / family into two groups, He explains how He
fulfills His promise to Abraham and also rewards the faithful blood descendants of Abraham for
their service to mankind.  With the covenant between God and Abraham the whole world would
be blessed as through them the Word of God would come / be given to mankind and also the
Messiah Jesus Christ would come to earth.   Although the faithful were / will be blessed it was
not a privilege for Abraham's descendants to be called of God, but it was a great task with great
and evil opposition.  
In Ezekiel 20 (especially verses 32 - 38) there is examples of the struggles of Abraham's

We who are the recipients, of the Word of God and the Gospel of Jesus Christ owe a great debt
of gratitude to the spiritual descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob / Israel.  They paid a
heavy toll under the Abrahamic covenant, (as result of their own sins) but what a great service
the children of Israel did for mankind.  
The spiritual descendants of Israel will be rewarded with their own land / home / inheritance as
a special place in God's kingdom -- forever.  

There are two scriptures that are particularly relevant to the understanding of the above study
and crucial to knowing who is 'The Israel of God'.  The first scripture is Ezekiel 37: 11 -- the
second is Romans 11: 26.  
The necessity of understanding these scriptures in seen in the reality that many / most
preachers, teachers of prophesy interpret or accept that these refer to the last generation of
the Jews as citizens of the nation of Israel.  Thus, implying or teaching that this last generation
who are unbelieving Jews, having rejected Jesus Christ as the Messiah of God, will have a
second chance after the rapture of the Church.  They seeing, after the fact of the rapture, their
mistake then becoming believers.  Thus becoming 144,000 Jewish evangelists who preach the
Gospel to the whole of physical mankind who were left behind.  
(Consider the 'Left Behind Series' and the many other books and teachers who have taught
these ideas).  It would be wonderful if this were true -- I would vote for it -- but this is not
the true teaching of the Bible.  If these teachings were true -- where would be justice for
the hundreds of generations before the last generation, who are in Hell.  (Refer to examples of  
Lazreth & the rich man and Jesus' explanations of the pharisees).  There will be justice at the
Great White Throne.  Matthew 25: 1 -----.  
There will be a just judge on the throne at the Great White Throne.

In the context of the first scripture -- Ezekiel 37: 11 -- it is very clear by the terminology used
that it is speaking about a spiritual time -- not a physical time. Thus the prophesy is about the
millennial reign of Christ -- for it speaks of raising them from their graves and David being their
king forever.  The word 'forever' is used numerous times.  'Forever' is not a term used about a
physical life.  This is prophesying the resurrection of 'the whole house of Israel'.  Israel being
those who were like Jacob and chose to follow the spiritual pattern of Jacob and became part
of the Israel of God.  Thus, this would be prophesying about the 144,000 of the children of Israel
who are sealed, thus a  part of the family of God as enumerated in Revelation 7.  

In the context of the second scripture -- Romans 11: 26 -- Paul is writing to Gentile believers to
explain their relationship to the Jews,  their debt of gratitude and their opportunity of ministry
to them.
Here in Romans 11 the scripture speaks of the Jews as two separate groups.  One group we
may call a 'remnant', or the minority that are the believing Jews who are part of the Israel of
God.  The other group apparently the majority who are the unbelieving Jews who would be
called 'Jacob'.  
The apostal Paul says they were 'cut off' because of unbelief in the Messiah / Jesus Christ, but
not all for He Paul was a believer and faithful to his calling.  
In Romans 11: 25 Paul calls this circumstance of Israel a 'mystery' and indeed it has been so.  
He says 'that blindness in part has happened to Israel'.  This statement is speaking of the
Israelites as a whole from Paul's generation forward until the 'fullness of the Gentiles have
come in'.   First he says 'blindness in part' -- that means most, but not all for some the Jews had
become believers in Jesus Christ as their Messiah.  As history has unfolded most Jews /
Israelites still do not accept Jesus as Messiah.  Thus the 2nd statement becomes true as they
will remain in blindness until the Gospel has reached the ends of the earth and all who are
going to be saved are saved.
Then in Romans 11: 26 Paul says 'And so all Israel will be saved.'  'Israel' in this sentence means
all of the family of God as those who are saved both Jew and Gentile.   Because -- this is a
continuation (And) of the previous sentence which speaks of the 'fullness of the Gentiles has
come in' into the kingdom of heaven.  Thus, 'Israel' here means all the family of God as
enumerated in Rev. 7: 4 - 9.

Then in Romans 11: 25b - 26 Paul quotes a passage from Isaiah 29 saying that 'The deliverer will
come out of Zion' -- meaning that Jesus Christ will come and 'turn away ungodliness from
Jacob'.  Meaning that Jesus Christ will come and 'take away their sins' of those of Jacob who
believe and receive their Messiah -- Jesus Christ.  Those who refuse Jesus Christ will remain
as Jacob -- ungodliness -- not saved as those who believe and become part of the  
Israel of God.

Soo -- by no means does the statement 'And so all Israel will be saved' teach nor imply that the
last generation of the descendants of Abraham will have a second chance after the rapture of
the church.  Those who believe and call on the Name of the Lord will be saved.  But those who
do not believe and call upon the name of the Lord will not be saved.  Jesus gave us the parable
of the 10 Virgins in Matthew 25: 1 ---- to illustrate this truth.

Further study at  a study of Revelation     

To define who is the 'Israel of God' is of utmost importance to the understanding
of Revelation and the end time events.  The Jewish people of the 21st century do
not need a false security -- believing that they may have a second chance because
they are of the blood linage of Abraham.  'No man comes to the Father, but
through Jesus Christ.'